Afforestation in Romania

    Solution ID
    Description of solution
    Summary (Challenges; Objectives)

    In Romania, the official statements recognize the importance of afforestation and one important objective of the National Afforestation Programme (2004) and the Forest Code (2008) was the afforestation of 2 million hectares of degraded lands. Moreover, the Law no. 100 /2010 regarding the afforestation of degraded lands was a new reinforcement of that ambitious objective, but the new versions of the National Afforestation Programme from 2010 and 2013 altered successively the target from 2 million hectares to 422 thousand hectares, respectively to 229 thousand hectares.

    Technical characteristics

    Today, the Romanian forest covers 6.5 million hectares (INS, 2013) but after 1990 the state was no longer the sole landowner and manager. Still, the state represents, with nearly 50% of the forest, the most important landowner and the legal state-owned entity, RNP - National Forestry Administration, represents the largest administrator of Romanian forest.

    Limiting factors / lessons learnt

    It is quite obvious that investments in afforestation do not seem very attractive due to the considerable time gap between investments and benefits, in this particular field. However, considering the important role of forests in the environmental and social paradigm as well in the mitigation of climate change, the state should play a more significant role. In the absence of private investors, the state should be more active and should encourage afforestation by different funding mechanisms or attractive tax incentives.The UE funding scheme is ineffective without an adequate support from the state. We can mention the Mediterranean states (Spain, Italy or Portugal) which have greatly benefited from the UE funds (Zanchi et al, 2007). Their outcomes regarding afforestation were as solid as their afforestation policies (Palaghianu & Clinovschi, 2007).

    Location Latitude
    Location Longitude
    Comment on location


    Ecosystem (s) impacted
    Hazard(s) concerned
    Other challenges
    Ecosystem conservation
    Exposed assets
    I don’t know
    Is there population exposed?
    I don’t know
    Are there jobs created in the nature-based sector?
    Don't know
    Are there new employments in tourism sector, sport activities or recreational activites ?
    Don't know
    Are there new activities in the tourism sector , sport activities or recreational activites?
    Don't know
    International classification
    Sustainable development goals addressed
    SDG 11 – Sustainable Cities and Communities
    Sendai Frameword priorities addressed
    Priority 3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
    Financial aspects

    The new PNDR 2014-2020, granted only 300 million euros from the total 8 billion euros (excluding the 10 billion euros for direct payments) for forestry measures. The Measure 8.1 for afforestation has a budget of 105 million euros and doubles the standard costs for the afforestation activities, in order to boost the absorption rate of funds for this particular field.

    Risk reduction